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乐山大佛导游词

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乐山大佛导游词一:四川乐山大佛导游词


各位游客:大家好!  欢迎各位到乐山大佛景区来观光旅游。现在我们看到的就是举世闻名的千年古佛——乐山大佛。它是世界上最大的一尊石刻弥勒佛,通高71米,肩膀的宽度是24米,头的直径是10米,耳朵有7米长,嘴巴和眼睛的长度是3.3米,眉毛和鼻子的长度是5.6米,颈高3米,指长8.3米,从膝盖到脚背28米,脚的宽度是8.5米,头上的发髻有l021个。乐山大佛雄伟壮观,人们形容它:“山是一尊佛,佛是一座山”。
  乐山大佛始建于唐玄宗开元初年(也就是公元713年),竣工于唐贞元十九年(公元803年),大家可以计算一下,乐山大佛矗立于此已经1200年了。
  设计
  现在请大家看一看大佛两侧的岩石。这种岩石叫红砂岩,是一种质地疏松,容易风化的岩石,乐山大佛就是在这种岩石上雕刻而成的。那么大佛为什么能历经1200年“风雨不动安如山呢”?首先我们看一下大佛所处的位置。大佛位于凌云山西面的阴坡上,加之佛体周围林木稠密,地质结构稳定,佛身处于江弯地段,隐藏于山体之中,减少了风雨侵蚀和水流冲刷,因此岩石风化较缓慢。不仅如此,乐山大佛还有非常巧妙的排水系统。在大佛身后,有左右相通的排水洞穴,可以避免山泉对佛像的浸蚀;大佛头上发髻的第4层、9层、18层各有一条排水道与佛体衣服折皱连成排水渠道网,也避免了雨水对佛体的浸蚀。可见,乐山大佛的设计是非常科学的。除此之外,大佛在竣工之后,还曾经修造了一个高13层的楼阁复盖,可惜毁于明末的战乱。
  虽然乐山大佛有着十分完善的保护系统,然而在一千多年的漫长岁月中,它仍免不了遭到各种各样的破坏,有自然的,也有人为的。因此,各个朝代都对它进行过维修。特别是新中国成立以后,政府曾对乐山大佛进行过多次维修,其中工程较大的是1963年的维修。1982年,乐山大佛经国务院公布成为国家重点文物保护单位。1996年峨眉山——乐山大佛被联合国教科文组织列人世界自然与文化遗产名录。目前,乐山大佛的保护已经引起了全世界人民的关注,乐山大佛己成了全世界人民的一笔宝贵遗产。
  海师堂
  那么,是谁为我们创造了这笔财富?当初修大佛的目的是什么?带着这些问题,我们一起去参观海师堂。
  海师堂里的三尊塑像就是修建乐山大佛的功臣。首先我们看中间这一位,大佛的始建者——海通禅师,他是贵州人氏,当年在凌云山上结茅为僧。
  古代的乐山三江汇流之处,水势相当的凶猛,经常发生船毁人亡的事件。海通和尚大发慈悲之心,准备修建大佛来镇水患。于是四处化缘,筹得不少的钱财。当时有一位贪官见财眼开,准备敲诈勒索他,海通法师义正严辞地说“自目可剜,佛财难得”。
  意思是说,我自己的眼睛都可以挖下来给你,但你休想得到这笔佛财。那个贪官居然蛮横无礼地要他试一试,海通禅师大义凛然地一手捧盘,一手挖出了自己的双眼。贪官吓坏了,从此以后没再为难他。海通禅师造佛时年事已高,所以当大佛修到肩部的时候,他就圆寂了,大佛的修造工程也因此停了下来。大约过了十年的时间,剑南西川节度使章仇兼琼捐赠俸金20万,继续修造乐山大佛,由于工程浩大,需要巨大的经费,于是朝廷下令赐麻盐税款,使工程进展迅速。当乐山大佛修到膝盖的时候,续建者章仇兼琼迁任户部尚书,到京赴任,工程再次停工。
  四十年后,剑南西川节度使韦皋捐赠俸金五十万两继续修建乐山大佛。在三代人的努力之下,前后历经90年时间,乐山大佛终于彻底完工,并且通体施金,华丽的佛衣和宝相庄严的佛体交相辉映。
  九曲栈道
  现在大家对大佛已经有了一个初步的了解,接下来我们一起通过九曲栈道到大佛脚看全景。我们脚下的九曲栈道是同乐山大佛一起修建的,共有173个台阶,最宽的地方是1.45米,最窄的地方仅有o.6米。大家沿途可以欣赏一下崖壁上留下的石刻佛龛。这些佛像神态各异,工艺精妙,可与中国四大石窟的佛像相媲美,遗憾的是它们的风化现象非常严重。
  我们已经来到大佛脚下,请大家抬起头来仰视大佛,感受一下他的高大和壮观。各位游客还可以仔细看看最近才发现的位于大佛心脏部位的小佛头像。
  宗教内涵
  顺便,我再给大家讲解一下乐山大佛的宗教内涵。乐山大佛是唐代摩岩造像中的艺术精品之一,它是一尊弥勒佛。为什么要造一尊弥勒佛呢?这和唐代崇拜弥勒佛有密切的关系。按佛教教义,弥勒佛是三世佛中的未来佛,他象征着未来世界的光明和幸福,在佛祖释迦牟尼死后的五十六亿七千万年以后将接替佛祖的地位,于华林园的龙华树下广传佛法,普渡众生。佛经上说弥勒出世就会“天下太平”,所以人们自然渴望他能尽快降临人间,全国各地因此盛行塑造弥勒佛像。到了武周时期,一代女皇武则天曾下令编造了一部《大云经疏》,证明她是弥勒转世,百姓对弥勒的崇拜帮助她在男尊女卑的封建时代登上帝位。由于武则天的大力提倡,使全国塑凿弥勒之风大行。乐山大佛的修造距武则天时代仅20余年,所以当海通修造乐山大佛时,自然选择了弥勒佛,而且弥勒佛既是能带来光明和幸福的未来佛,这同平息水患的镇江之佛要求是一致的,故乐山大佛的弥勒身份也因此决定了。
  有的游客可能会提出这样一个疑问:为什么乐山大佛这尊弥勒佛跟寺庙里的弥勒佛造像不一样呢?这是因为寺庙里的弥勒佛是根据中国五代时期的一个名叫契此和尚的形象塑造而成的。契此是浙江奉化县人,他乐善好施,能预知天气和预测人的吉凶,经常拿着一个布袋四处化缘,在逝世前他曾说“弥勒真弥勒,化身千百亿,时时示世人,世人自不识”,因而大家都认为他是弥勒佛的化身,寺庙里的弥勒佛也塑成了他的形象——一个笑口常开、大肚能容的布袋和尚。
  其实在中国汉地佛教文化中,弥勒佛造像的变化是很大的,第一阶段是从印度传入中国的交脚弥勒;第二个阶段是具有“中国特色”的古佛弥勒;第三个阶段是现在寺庙里的布袋弥勒。乐山大佛是承前启后的具有“中国特色”的古佛弥勒。照《弥勒下生经》所描述,弥勒佛像具有“三十二相,八十种好”,这就要求他的五官、头、手、脚、身都具有不同于一般人的特征。乐山大佛整个形体超凡脱俗,头上的发髻、阔大的双肩、高而长的眉毛,圆直的鼻孔都是按照佛教典籍的规定修建的,但是他的面相却具有汉族人的共同特点。印度佛像的“宽肩细腰”,在大佛身上荡然无存,取而代之的是壮实的双肩,饱满的胸脯,体现了唐代祟尚肥胖美的时尚。乐山大佛坐立的姿式是双脚自然下垂,这与印度佛像的“结跏趺式”也不一样,因为大佛是修来镇水的,这种平稳、安定的坐式可以带给行船的人战胜激流险滩的信心和决心。隋唐时期是中国佛教造像艺术史中辉煌灿烂的阶段,造像着力表现了佛的“神情”。
  乐山大佛温文尔雅的神情,和蔼可亲的神态,以及凝思中蕴含智慧,威严中带有慈祥的面容,都让人情不自禁产生崇敬与亲切的感觉。我想大家在惊叹乐山大佛高大与壮观的同时,还不能不赞叹它的造像工艺的精美。好了,现在我请大家自由活动,十分钟后我们沿着1983年新修的凌云栈道往上走,去参观麻浩崖墓。
 麻浩崖墓
  各位游客,在这里,我要给大家介绍乐山古代的一种墓葬习俗。
  说起墓葬习俗,大家也许比较熟悉川东长江两岸的悬棺吧。而在川西,特别是乐山地区则流行一种凿山为墓的安葬方式。它的主要特征是:沿着浅丘、山谷挖凿一个方形的洞穴,然后将尸体和棺材、陪葬品等放人洞中。墓制的结构完全模仿现实生活中的房屋,而从外部看上去,则是一个个深邃神秘的山洞。这种墓葬因流行于1800多年前的东汉时期,故而称为东汉崖墓。在乐山范围内约有上万座这样的崖墓,而在这些崖墓群中,最集中、最具有代表性的墓群则是我要带领大家参观的麻浩崖墓,它长约200米,宽约25米,共有544座墓。大家知道,人都免不了生老病死,无论你是乐观的面对还是悲观的面对,生死是一个人无法抗拒的自然规律。所以人们对死亡的无奈就只好衍生出一种祈求、一种愿望,希望死去以后,能过着比生存时好的生活。再加上当时受到道家思想影响,认为西王母、女蜗这些神仙所居的地方都是石屋,便说凿山为室可成神仙,故而这种墓制形式逐渐流行开来。东汉时期,乐山地区经济发展比较快,地处交通要道,人口不断增加,社会阶级关系、美高梅娱乐平台结构也不断发生变化,最大的变化就是地方大族的形成和思想文化上受儒家的影响,“忠、孝、仁、信、节、义”观念最为突出。而在“仁孝”的思想下,生时孝养,死后厚葬,自然是不可免的了。为了满足这种需求,耗费巨资来修建崖墓便应运而生,前后流行了400年之久。
  好,现在我们的目的地到了,请大家先抬头看看这个门匾“麻浩崖墓”。麻浩是我们身后边的这条河,是由先秦蜀郡太守李冰为避沫水之害所开凿的溢洪道。墓地因此而叫“麻浩崖墓”。这块匾是咱们的文坛巨匠郭沫若老先生1965年所题写的。在这里我想问问大家:你们认为乐山最值得一看的是什么?也许游客朋友都会不加思索的说——乐山大佛,对吧?是的。而咱们郭老却说了,能与乐山大佛媲美的只有乐山崖墓。用他当时的话来说:“有搞头”(四川话,也就说是很有研究价值的意思)。所以说,来到乐山除了观大佛,还应看崖墓。麻浩崖墓曾在1956年和1980年先后两次被评为四川省省级重点文物保护单位,大家看我右手边这块碑文的记载就知道了。我左手边的这块石碑所记载的是因1988年麻浩崖墓被评为国家级重点文物保护单位,因此而建博物馆。前面这块门匾上写的“麻浩崖墓博物馆”,是现代学者杨超所写的。
  现在我们一块来参观一下这个墓群的内部结构。首先,我们看到的是一幅巨型的挽马图仿制品,是根据墓里边的挽马图仿制的,它所表现的意义到了里面我再给大家详细介绍。现在到了麻浩1号崖墓。我们眼前的这块空地,是仿造现实生活修建的阴间生活庭院和花园。门上面有很多的画像石刻,雕刻技艺精湛绝伦,其功能是引导死者的魂魄,魂气升天,形魄归地,而以形魄归地为主要目的。同时,每幅图还表现出墓主人不同的思想、观念、宗教信仰等。我们从左至右看一下,这里边最出名、最有特色的是这幅“荆轲刺秦王”图。它反映的是以“忠孝”为核心的封建伦理观念,也反映了墓主反秦的思想。接下来是“西王母赐药图”。
  西王母是我们神化传说中的王母娘娘,是汉代人们心目中保佑长生不死、人丁兴旺的崇拜对象。图上西王母端坐中间,向许多祈跪地上的人施药。能获得不死之药是梦寐以求的事,故而在许多墓葬中都可以看到西王母的造像。洞穴旁边的这幅图就是刚才大家进门时所看到的“挽马图”的蓝本。大家一定发现该图与一般的车马行列迥然不同,图里是一烈马被马夫用力拉缰,作者以非常简练的手法,刻画了马夫全神贯注控制烈马的神态和烈马桀骜不驯的雄姿,这种力量和速度相结合的气势是非常有观赏价值的。因此画气势非凡,故而仿刻在院内。这幅图也许体现墓主人生前有喜爱猎骑名马的爱好吧。大家请抬头看,这座佛的雕像是整个墓室中最有研究价值的。它通高28厘米,身着通肩天衣、右手作“施无畏印”,表现的是“安乐一切”的意思。这座佛像是我国最早的佛刻雕像之一。
  佛教于汉代传入中国,而最早的佛像却出土在乐山崖墓中,证明了佛教在乐山的传播并不比其它地方晚,这是研究中国早期佛教史、佛教艺术和佛教传入中国的路线等问题不可忽视的资料。右边所刻的是铺首,铺首一般刻在门梁、门框、门楣正中,它的作用是降魔驱邪,保护主人,门右手边有一手持扫把的妇人,这是告诉大家,如果要进门一定要先扫扫灰尘,干干净净,这也表现了主人好客的一面。现在进了内室,这里一切都是模仿死者生前的阳宅而布置的阴宅。当时的人们对死亡、对遗体的认识是:“人死曰鬼,鬼者、归也,精气归于天,肉体归于土”,所以大家在这里可以看到主人的客厅、厨房、卫生间等,他们追求的是一种虽死犹生的生活。根据家族的大小和墓制的形式,专家们把墓制分为单式制、双式制。就好比我们现在所说的两室一厅、三室一厅等。墓地的尽头放着棺木。棺木中一般埋葬一对夫妻,象征一个小家庭,死者们就象继续着生前共居一院,不同辈份或兄弟各成一小家,分房而居的生就有可能是一个家族,由于某些客观原因,不能把墓洞延伸、扩展。如果要容纳整个家族,那么很有可能需要把整座山开辟成一个巨大的墓群。不知大家有没有发现,个子稍高的客人朋友进来时总弯着腰,那是因为墓顶太低了。而进来之后,就宽畅多了,那是因为他们为了排水,故意把崖墓地面做成内高外低,还在地面凿出排水沟道。请大家再跟我到墓外两边的陈列馆参观墓葬时的陪葬品。这些陪葬品都是陶制品,唯一的复制品是这个读书佣。在崖墓发展的不同时期,这些陪葬品的种类、组合形式有所发展,有所变化,大体上分为早期、中期、晚期。柜里陈列的陶鸡、陶猪等也有不同的意思,比如陶猪、陶鸭表示墓主人的家景。陶狗在墓中比较多,因为汉代养狗之风很盛行,生时做为宠物,死后放在墓中用以预防盗贼。这里面最有观赏价值的是1978年出土的陶楼房,从楼房的富丽堂皇、重楼重檐完全可以看出墓主人生前的富有。好,请大家在这里自由参观,参观完请在门口集中!

乐山大佛导游词二:乐山大佛英文导游词


Each visitor:
How are you, welcome you to Sichuan to travel, I am your guide**.
 
Welcome everyone to arrive to enjoy a big Buddha view of mountain area to make sight-seeing trip a tour.What we see is the thou Buddha of world famous in thousand years now-happy mountain big Buddha.It is biggest sculpture carvings Buddha Maitreya in the world, is 71 meters in height, the width of shoulder is 24 meters, the diameter of the head is 10 meters, the ear contains long 7 meterses, the length of the mouth and eyes is 3.3 meters, the length of the eyebrow and nose is 5.6 meters, the neck is 3 meters in height, point to grow 8.3 meters, arrive instep from the knee 28 meters, the width of the feet is 8.5 meters, the hair Ji on the head has 021 ls.Enjoy impressive-looking grand view of big Buddha of mountain, people describe it:"The mountain is a Buddha, the Buddha is a mountain".
Happy mountain big Buddha"s starting is set up to Tang Xuan, Zong Kai Yuan, early year(is also 713 years) of, Be finished construction to Tang Zhen Yuan for 19 years(803 years), everyone can compute for a while and enjoy mountain the big Buddha stand erect here already in 1200.
Design
Invite the rock that everyone has a look big Buddha two sides now.This kind of rock calls red sandstone, is that a kind of quality is loose, the rock of easy morals and custom, joy mountain the big Buddha is to carve on this kind of rock but become.Why can the so big Buddha experience successively 1200"rains and winds motionless Anne such as mountain"?We take a look a big Buddha the position of place first.The big Buddha is located in the Yin ascent of flying in the void noodles in Shanxi and add of the Buddha body surroundings wood is dense, the geology structure stabilizes, the Buddha body is placed in a river curved district, Be concealed to a mountain body in, reduced rains and winds erosion and water current to flush, therefore the rock morals and custom is more slow-moving.Not only such, joy mountain big Buddha still have very skillful catchment system.In the big Buddha after death, be mutually or so the catchment cave of , can avoid mountain spring to immersing of statue of Buddha eclipse;Hair Ji of big Buddha head 4 F, 9 F and 18 F each way for having a catchment fold with Buddha body clothes wrinkly even become to drain an outlet net, also avoided rain water to immersing of Buddha body eclipse.It is thus clear that, enjoying the design of mountain big Buddha is very science.In addition, big Buddha after finishing construction, even once repaired the building Ge of a high 13 F overlay, unfortunately was ruined to the war of clear end disorderly.
Although the joy mountain big Buddha has very perfect protection system, however in more than 1,000 years of endless years, it still cans not helps to encounter to various breakage of each kind, there is the natural, also is artificial.Therefore, each dynastieses all once carried on to maintain to it.Especially new China establishes after, government once to enjoyed a big Buddha of mountain once carry on many times maintain, among them engineering bigger is maintaining of 1963.In 1982, joy mountain the big Buddhist sutra State Department announcement become a nation point cultural object protection unit.E eyebrow in 1996 mountain-happy mountain the big Buddha be taught the section text how to organize the row human life field nature and cultural inheritance by United Nations to record.Currently, the protection that enjoys a mountain big Buddha has already caused the concern of people in the whole world and enjoy mountain the big Buddha F become a precious inheritance of people in the whole world.
Sea teacher hall
So, is who is it we that created this wealth?What is the purpose that at the beginning fixs a big Buddha ?Take these problems, we visit a sea teacher hall together.
Three statues of the sea teacher hall inside are the heros who builds to enjoy a mountain big Buddha.We favor first this, the one who start to set up of big Buddha-sea Buddhist monk, he is person"s surname in Guizhou, in those early years at fly in the void top of hill knot Mao is monk.
The happy mountain of the ancient times three rivers remit to flow of place, the force of the current is very fierce, usually take place ship to ruin person Wu"s affairs.The sea monk greatly delivers the heart of mercy and prepares to build a big Buddha to come to floods in the town.Hence beg for alms everywhere, raise many money.There wased a corrupted official to see wealth eyed opening and preparing to racketeer him at that time, sea master"s righteousness the just strict Ci ground said "from eyes can Wan, the Buddha wealth is rare".
The meaning is to say, my own eyes can dig down to you, but you don"t think that to get this Buddha wealth.That corrupt official is incredibly arrogant to impolitely want him to try and see, the sea Buddhist monk righteously holds dish all alone and dug all alone own eyes.The corrupt official was frightened to death, from now on have no again difficult he.Is advanced in age when sea Buddhist monk built a Buddha, so when the big Buddha fixs a shoulder department, he passed away, the repairing of big Buddha engineering consequently stopped down.Time that about led a decade, the sword southern west Chuan stanza degree makes chapter enemy and Qiong donate a wage gold 200,000, continue to repair to enjoy a mountain big Buddha, the engineering is huge, need huge budget, hence imperial government issues order to grant to tingle a salt tax style, it makes engineering make progress quickly.When enjoy mountain the big Buddha fix a knee of time, continuously set up a chapter the enemy and Qiong move a door department the book go to city to go to assume office still, the engineering again ceases work.
After 40 years, the sword southern west Chuan stanza degree makes the Wei Gao donate a wage gold 500,002 continue to build to enjoy a mountain big Buddha.Under three people"s effort, experience successively 90 years before or after, the joy mountain big Buddha finally and thoroughly completes work, and body Shi Jin, gorgeous of Buddha dress and treasure the mutually solemn Buddha body hand over to mutually reflect.
Nine song plank ways
Everyone has already had understand of a first step to the big Buddha and connects down us to see panorama through nine song plank ways to big Buddha feet together now.Nine song plank ways of our foot are big together happy mountain Buddhas to build together of, there are total of 173 steps, the most wide place is 1.45 meters, there is only o in the most narrow place.6 meters.Everyone"s along the road can appreciate precipice for a while wall up leave of sculpture carvings niche for Buddha.These statue of Buddha expressions are each different, the craft is ingenious, can mutually match in excellence with the statue of Buddha of China four greatest stone caves, regret of is that their morals and custom phenomena are very serious.
We have already arrived at big Buddha foot and invite everyone to raise head to look upwards a big Buddha, feel him the Gao Da Dun and grand view for a while.Each visitor can also cautiously see just discover recently of be located in the small Buddha head of big Buddha heart part to be like.
Religious content
Conveniently, I then the religious content that explains in detail to enjoy a mountain big Buddha for a while for everyone.The happy mountain big Buddha is Tang Dynasty Mo the rock build to be like one of the medium art exquisite articles, it is Buddha Maitreya.What about why to want to build Buddha Maitreya?This has close relation with Tang Dynasty"s worshiping Buddha Maitreya.Press the Buddhism doctrine, the Buddha Maitreya is three future Buddhas in a life time Buddhas, he symbolizes future world of bright and happiness, at Buddha Zu clay-cold 5,670,000,000 of Gautama hereafter will take over the position of Buddha Zu, go the round Buddhist doctrine at Long Hua Shu"s bottom of R.O.C wooded land, save all beings.Say on the Buddhist sutra that the Mi Lei is born for the meeting"world peace", so people hope earnestly him naturally to condescend to come the human life quickly, the whole whole country consequently spreads widely to mold Buddha Maitreya to be like.Arrived Wu Zhou"s period, the generation impress was martial then sky once issued order to draw up 《big cloud is through the Shu 》 and proved that she is a Mi Lei to turn a life time, the common people"s adoration to the Mi Lei help she at male the female vulgar feudal age ascend a throne.Because Wu Ze Tian strongly promotes, it makes the national Su dig the breeze of Mi Lei big line of.The happy mountain big Buddha repairs to be apart from Wu Ze weather generation for only more than 20 years, so when the sea repaired to enjoy a big Buddha of mountain, chose Buddha Maitreya naturally, and Buddha Maitreya since is bring bright with happy future Buddha, this together quelling river in the town"s Buddha request of floods is consistent, so enjoy the identity of Mi Lei of mountain big Buddha to consequently come to a decision.
Some visitors may put forward such a question:Happy mountain why big Buddha this Buddha Maitreya build to be like with Buddha Maitreya in the temples different?This becomes because the Buddha Maitreya in the temples molds according to an image that is by the name of and agrees this monk of five periods in China.Agreeing this is Zhejiang to receive to turn a county person, he is philanthropic-minded, can predict the Ji of the weather and estimate person fierce, usually take a calico sack to beg for alms everywhere, he once said "Mi Lei true Mi Lei, incarnation 110,000,000,000, always showed people of this world, people of this world from didn"t know" before passing away, as a result everyone thought that he is the incarnation of Buddha Maitreya, the Buddha Maitreya in the temples also the Su became his image-a smiled to often open, Tatu could permit of calico sack monk.
In fact at Chinese man ground Buddhism culture in, the Buddha Maitreya builds to be like of the variety is very big, first stage is stream into China from India of hand over feet Mi Lei;The second stage is have "Chinese special feature" of ancient Buddha Mi Lei;The third stage is now calico sack Mi in the temples Lei.The happy mountain big Buddha is to accept ex- Qi behind of have "Chinese special feature" of ancient Buddha Mi Lei.Shine on 《the bottom of Mi Lei livings through 》 describe, the Buddha Maitreya is like to have "32 mutually, 80 kinds of good", this will beg his facial features, head and hand, feet and bodies to all have the characteristic that differ from the ordinary people.Happy mountain big Buddha the whole body is unique and free from vulgarity, the hair Ji, broad double of shoulders and Gao but long eyebrow on the head, all of circle straight nostrils is build according to Buddhism the rules of the ancient works, but his face reading has the Chinese person"s common characteristics."Breadth shoulder slender waist" of India statue of Buddha is all gone on big Buddha, what to replace is strong solid double of shoulders, full breast, embodied still fat United States of Tang Dynasty Sui of vogue.The Zi type that the happy mountain big Buddha sits to sign is a pair of feet to descend to hang naturally, this is also different with"knot Jia Fu type" of India statue of Buddha, because big Buddha is fix to water in the town, this kind of is steady, stabilize of the sit type can bring to sail a boat of the person win torrent current insurance the confidence and decision of the pool.Period Tang in Sui is the stage that Chinese Buddhism builds to be like the glorious glitter in the art history, build to be like to put forth effort "facial expression" of expressing the Buddha.
Happy mountain big Buddha gentle and cultivated facial expression, expression make amiable, and contain intelligence in the deep in thought, dignity medium take to have kindly side to permit, all allow people to can not control feelings creation to respect adore and warm felling.I miss everyone at marvel to enjoy a big Buddha of mountain high big and grand view of at the same time, must also praise highly its to build to be like a craft of elegant.Like, I invite an everyone free activity now, after ten minutes we along is lately- fixed to fly in the void plank way to upwards walk, visit hemp Hao in 1983 of precipice last home.
Numb last home in the Hao precipice
Each visitor, here, I want to introduce for everyone to enjoy mountain for ancient times of a kind of last home bury custom.
Speak of last home to bury custom, everyone probably relatively acquaints with a hanging of eastern Yangtze River cross-straits of Chuan coffin.But at Chuan west, especially enjoy mountainous country area to then spread a kind of dig the mountain as last home of bury a way.Its main characteristic is:Along the shallow Qiu and valley digs to dig a cave of square, then corpse and coffin, bury along with article etc. to put a person hole in.The house in the structure complete mimicry real life of last home system, but have a liking for to go from the exterior, then a cave with deep and mysterious.This kind of last home buries because of the eastern man period of being widely accepteding more than 1800 year agos, hence is called an eastern man precipice last home.Have the around ten thousand the precipice last home like this around within the scope of happy mountain, but in these last homes in the precipice, the most concentrated, most have the representative"s last homes then I want to lead numb last home in the Hao precipice of everyone"s visit, it grows about 200 meters, and the breadth is about 25 meters, there are total of 544 last homes.Everyone knows that the persons all can not help to living chronic illness dead, regardless you are to optimistically face or pessimism of face, the life and death is a natural regulation that person can not resist.So people to death of helpless have to spread out a kind of imprecation, a kind of wishes, after hoping to depart from this life, can live ratio existence good life.And was thoughted by Taoist at that time influence, thinking west Wang Mu and female Gua all of places resided by these fairies was stones house, then saying to dig the mountain as room could become fairy, hence this kind of last home system form is become prevalent gradually.Eastern man period, joy mountainous country area the economy develop a little bit quickly, be located in transportation main route, population continuously increment, social rank relation, the political structure also continuously take place to change, the biggest variety is formation and thought culture of big place clan up under the influence of Confucianism, "loyalty, filial piety, Ren, letter, stanza, righteousness" idea is the most outstanding.But under the thought of "Ren filial piety", the filial piety keeps while livinging, clay-cold elaborate, the nature is to can not don"t need of.For satisfying this need, expend huge sum to build precipice last home and then emerge with the tide of the times, spread for long 400 years before or after.
Like, our destinations arrived and asked everyone to lift up head first to see this Bian"the hemp Hao precipice last home" in door now.Numb Hao is we after death the river of side, from first district magistrate Li Bing of Qin Shu Jun in order to avoid Mo water, it harms excavate of spillway.The graveyard therefore calls "hemp last home in the Hao precipice".This Bian is what we of literary circles huge Jiang Guo Mo if old Sir writes in 1965.I want to ask everyone here:You think to enjoy mountain most well worth seeing of is what?Probably visitor"s friends will not add deliberation"s saying-happy mountain big Buddha, to?Yes.But our Guo Lao said, ability and joy mountain the big Buddha matches in excellence of only having and enjoying edge last home.Use him the then words to say:"Made a head".(words in Sichuan also say to is the meaning that has much of to study value)So say, arrive at to enjoy mountain in addition to view big Buddha, should also visit precipice last home.Numb last home in the Hao precipice once was successively and twice reviewed for province class in Sichuan province a cultural object to particularly protect unit in 1956 and 1980, everyone had already seen my right hand a side this jotting down of inscription knowing.What the stone tablet of my left hand side jots down tingles last home in the Hao precipice because of 1988 drive review for the country house class particularly cultural object protection unit, therefore set up museum."Hemp last home museum in the Hao precipice" that writes on front this door Bian is what modern scholar, Yang Chao, writes.
We are a piece of to come to visit this last homes now of internal structure.First, what we see is a giant draft horse diagram imitation, is make copy according to last home the draft horse diagram of the inside, it arrived the meaning expressing in me then introduce in detail for everyone.Arrived numb Hao No.1 precipice last home now.We are at present of the vacant land, is imitate to build the hell that the real life builds living courtyard and garden.There are a lot of portrait sculpture carvingses on the door, the carvings technical skill is consummate and incomparable, its function is the psyche that guides the dead, the soul spirit rises a sky, the form soul returns ground, but with the form soul return ground for main purpose.At the same time, each diagram is still a different thought to last home host, idea, and religion and faith...etc..We from left to right take a look, the side is the most famous here, most have a special feature of is this"Jing Ke sting Qin Wang" diagram.What it reflect is with"loyalty and filial piety" is the feudalism ethics of the core idea, also reflected the last home main anti- Qin"s thought.It is "west Wang Mu grant medicine diagram" to connect down.
West Wang Mu is a legendary our apotheosis goddess the Queen Mother, protect in the heart of Han Dynasty people deathless, have a thriving family of adoration object.Wang Mu of west of diagram sits upright middle and kneel person, Shi Yao, of ground to many Qis.Being able to acquire the deathless medicine is the matter for longing for day and night, hence buries in many last homes in can see building of west Wang Mu being like.The diagram of cave flank is just "draft horse diagram" that everyone see while coming in of blue origin.Everyone definitely discovers the diagram being as different as general traffic rows or column, one strong horse in diagram drive groom lug Jiang, author with very Chien does of skill, depicted groom to concentrate on the expression of controling the strong horse and strong Ma Jie Ao doesn"t tame of magnificent posture, this kind of strength and speed combines together of the vehemence is to have much of to appreciate worthy.Consequently drawing vehemence is uncommon, hence imitates to engrave in the hospital.This diagram probably embodies last home host the in an interesting condition love hunted to ride an a fondness for of horse while was living.Everyone pleases lift up head to see, the statue of this Buddha has already studied most in the whole last home room worthy.It is 28 Li rices in height, wear a shoulder the dress, right hand make "fearlessness prints" for sky, performance of is "happy the whole" meaning.This statue of Buddha is the earliest our country Buddha to engrave one of the statues.
The Buddhism streams into China in Han Dynasty, but the earliest statue of Buddha sprout in the happy edge last home and proved the Buddhism is late enjoying an unlike other place of the dissemination of mountain, this is to study Chinese the Buddhism history, Buddhism art and Buddhism streamed into the data that the problems like route,etc of China can not neglect in early days.What the right side engraves is to spread head, spread the head generally engrave in lintel in the frame in the beam in the door, door, door exact center, its function is to decline evil exorcism, protection host, right hand in the door side contains the women to hold broom all alone, this is to tell everyone, if wanting to come in must sweep dust first, clean, this also expressed a side of host"s hospitality.Entered inside the room now, all of everythings were mimicries here the dead the grave of human habitation but decoration while was living.The then people to the death, to the understanding of the body BE:"The person dies Yue ghost, ghost, return also, the vitality returns in sky, the body is returned to soil", so everyone can see the host"s living room, kitchen, and toilet...etc. here, what they pursued is although 1 kind die to still living of life.According to the size of the household and the form of the last home system, the experts is divided into the list type system, double type system to the last home system.Compare to we now say of two room one hall, three rooms one hall etc..The end of graveyard puts a coffin wood.Generally bury a couple in the coffin wood, symbolize a small family, the deads continued to reside one hospital, different generation or brothers while was living for the elephant totally each become a , cent building but reside of livinged and then probably is a household, because of some and objective reason, can not last home hole extension, expand.If want to accept the whole household, so is very likely to need to develop the whole mountain a huge last homes.Don"t know that everyone had and discovered, statures slightly tall guest"s friend always bent the body while coming in, that because the last home crest is too low.But Be getting more for the breadth Chang after coming in, that because for draining, they intentionally make graveyard noodles in the precipice into inside Gao Wai Di, still just the ground dig a catchment ditch way.Please everyone then arrive displaying of outside both sides in the last home building visit last home to bury with me of bury along with an article.These burying along with all of articles is potteries product, the only reproduction is this to study Yong.In the precipice last home development of not corresponding period, these categories that bury along with an article, combine a form to have a development, have variety, substantially is divided into earlier period, middle and later period.The pottery chicken, and pottery pig...etc. displaying in cabinet also have different meaning, for example the pottery pig, pottery duck means the last home host"s view in the house.The pottery dog is more in the last home, because the Han Dynasty keeps the breeze of dog to spread widely very much and is used as a pet while livinging, clay-cold put convenient in the last home to prevent°from robber.Here noodles most have already appreciated worthy of is the pottery several-storied building that sprouts in 1978, from the several-storied building of sumptuous, heavy building heavy the Yan completely can see a last home host while was living of full of.Like, please everyone to freely visit here, visit over please concentrate at the door!

乐山大佛导游词三:无锡灵山大佛导游词


各位游客:
    你们好,欢迎你们来到无锡旅游,我是你们的导游**。
灵山胜境坐落于山清水秀的无锡太湖之滨,是一座规模宏大、文化精深、意境空灵的佛教主题园区。在这里就大家讲解灵山胜境景点历史
  大照壁
  进入胜境文化园区前,被誉为“华夏第一壁”的灵山大照壁将首先带给您前所未有的震撼。照壁长约40米,最高处达8米,气势恢弘,庄重大气。照壁南、北两面烫金大字均为原全国政协副主席、中国佛教协会会长赵朴初居士题写。
  朴老与灵山的因缘颇深,赐予灵山许多绝妙诗句。照壁面向太湖的一面题有“湖光万顷净琉璃”七个大字,“琉璃”是佛经中常提到的“七宝”之一。朴老诗句寓意着与太湖交相辉映的灵山胜境,就犹如一方晶莹剔透的琉璃世界纯净美好。而面向胜境那面 “小灵山”一诗,则是朴老寄予灵山极高的赞誉和殷切的期望。“昔游天竺访灵鹫,叹息空荒忆法华”是自述他当年曾出访印度(古称“天竺”),去寻访释迦牟尼讲经说法的“灵鹫山”(简称“灵山”、“鹫峰”),但印度佛教早已衰落,灵鹫山呈现一片“空荒”景象,追忆当年佛祖讲经说法时的盛况,朴老感慨万分。“不意鹫峰飞到此,天花烂漫散吾家。”这两句话峰斗转,说他94年来到无锡灵山,目睹灵山大佛景区香客云集佛教兴盛,仿佛感到印度的灵鹫山“飞”到了无锡马山,“天花烂漫散吾家”寓意正信佛法的传扬。从这首诗足以看出德高望重的赵朴老对佛教文化和对佛教圣地灵山给予的殷切希望。
  五明桥
  照壁对面,柔美的“五明桥”横跨玉带河上,精美的汉白玉桥身凸显典雅、古朴。 “五明”是古印度对人类文化的总括以及对人类知识、学问的分类。“明”指学问、学科,“五明”是指人类文化有五大学问,分别为1、内明:明白自己、明悟人生真相的学问。2、声明:声韵、语言之学;3、因明:逻辑、论辩之学;4、医方明:医药、体育、养生之学;5、工巧明:人类物质文化生活各行各业的技艺学问,如农业、商业、工业、建筑、音乐、文学、军事、管理等等。
  每座桥分别以“五明”之一命名,桥栏杆则选用北京房山的精品汉白玉,这些无一不体现了灵山创建“一流景区”,打造 “精品工程”的坚定目标。走过“五明桥”进入灵山胜境,正是要让我们切身体会到:佛教绝不只主张在寺庙、山林间闭目打坐、不问世事,不关心现实社会和广大众生,相反,正信的佛教为利益一切众生,积极主张开发、利用一切有益知识、技术造福人类。“五明桥”正体现了灵山佛教文化博大精深之所在。游客朋友可选择走不同的桥,圆满您不同的愿望。
  “灵山胜境”门楼
  走过五明桥,便可见一座气势恢弘,庄严而不失精美的“胜境门楼”。门楼糅合徽式建筑之古朴端庄,北方皇家建筑之雄伟大气以及藏式建筑之鲜明活跃风格于一体。正门悬挂 “灵山胜境”匾额亦为已故中国佛教协会会长赵朴初先生题写。灵山胜境作为国家首批4A级景区,不仅具备一流的硬件设施,更为广大游客配备有优良的软件服务,导游讲解、小件寄存、广播、医务等一应俱全。游客手中的别致明信片门票,更是体现了灵山“服务到家”的匠心独具。当您尽兴游览灵山后,便可将明信片门票连同您的祝福,邮寄给亲朋好友,同时也把灵山特有的灵气、福气送到千家万户。
  通过“灵山胜境”大门楼,让我们一同去了解佛教丰富的历史,体验灵山独具的文化吧!门楼反面,另一梵文书写的“灵山胜境”匾额,由研究梵文的泰斗季羡林教授亲笔题写。“灵山”,梵文名耆崛山,原指印度“灵鹫山”,略称“灵山 ”,“鹫峰”等,因山顶形状似鹫故名“灵鹫山”。可见,无锡灵山与印度灵鹫山确有着一定的因缘。据说, “灵山”之称源于唐朝初年玄奘法师从天竺(印度)取经回国,游历东南经过无锡,见马山层峦丛翠、景色秀异,谓“无殊西竺国灵鹫之胜也”,遂将马山赐名为“小灵山”,此后,玄奘大弟子窥基法师就在此始建小灵山寺(宋时改名为“祥符禅院”),历经沧桑变迁,至97年我们建造灵山大佛、恢复祥符禅寺、得赵朴老支持、有茗山法师首任方丈,小灵山的千年古刹不仅恢复重光,且建成了高达88米的中国第一大佛,小灵山也达到千余年来前所未有之盛,也才成就了今天这方令世人称道的“灵山胜境”。
  洗心池
  出“灵山胜境”门楼,就正式进入了佛国胜境。在开始佛文化旅程之前,请先去灵山“洗心池”接受一次心灵的“洗礼”。通常有成语说“洗心革面”,意思是彻底改变自己、重新做人。而佛教的“洗心”不是从品性的角度,而是注重从心灵智慧出发。佛教认为我们每个人的心灵本来是清净光明,尤如明镜,只是随着年龄的增长,烦恼和困扰越来越多,就好像一面洁净的镜子有了尘污,也就不能清楚地照彻万物了,所谓“心性本净,客尘所染”。通常意义的修行,就是要让我们的心灵恢复本来的清净光明,清楚地认识到自身的价值,达到真正的觉悟。有幸到此,就让我们通过洗手,带走尘世烦恼、荡涤心灵染污,使疲惫烦恼的身心有一个彻底的转换,换一种清新自在的状态进入灵山胜境。
  佛足坛
  净化心灵之后,让我们怀虔诚之心前往灵山的第一个景点“佛足坛”去瞻拜佛足。面对我们这两只长1.2米,宽0.6米的巨大佛足印,正是佛祖释迦牟尼留下的足迹。据说,佛祖在世时,不主张世人为他造像膜拜,在他即将寂灭时,于印度摩揭陀国留下脚印,并对其弟子说:“见到足印,如同见我”。日后,信众便以佛足作为膜拜之圣物。
  灵山的佛足并非凭空建造,而是有一定的依据:在《大唐西域记》中记载,玄奘走过释迦牟尼成道的足迹一一隆重膜拜,并将图案带回中国,呈给唐太宗,后奉旨按图刻石供奉。大家不妨走近瞻观,可见佛足足底平满,五趾齐平,掌底有法轮和万字符,这些都属于佛祖不同于常人的祥瑞之相。据传说,佛足印的大小会根据礼拜者的福德大小而呈现不同的变化,今天大家有幸看见如此大的佛足,正说明大家的福德和佛缘很大。另外,在西安大雁塔、玉华宫也保存着刻有释迦牟尼足迹的石碑,那也是依玄奘法师当年在所刻的佛足石复制而成的。现在,让我们沿着佛祖的脚印前行,去了解佛祖成道的艰辛历程。
  五智门
  现在我们所看到是目前全国屈指可数的大型手工雕刻石牌坊“五智门”,它全长38.4米,高15.5米,设计独特、雕刻工艺精美,全部采用花岗岩建造而成,共用石料1000余吨。灵山五智门又名“智慧之门”。进入佛教的智慧之门,我们将瞻礼太子降生的盛大场景,感受象征着佛教盛大、国泰民安的阿育王柱的宏伟气势,并通过菩提大道、转经廊等许多佛教文化景点,去了解佛教丰厚的历史和文化内涵,了解佛学博大的智慧哲理。
  五智门南北面刻有佛教“六度”之“布施、持戒、忍辱、精进、禅定、般若”六对大字。“六度”通俗的说就是学佛之人达到佛法大智慧的六种行为准则。 “布施”就是叫人放下自私心,多为别人着想,把有价值的东西施舍给别人。一般人习惯上都是自我中心,为自己打算,学佛则是要“不为自己求安乐、但愿众生得离苦”,多为别人着想, “毫不利己、专门利人”。深一层说,布施不仅仅是将财物给他人,更要将做人的道理、人生的意义和价值、宇宙人生的真相这些有关“生命智慧”的学问告诉别人,让人生更充实、活得更有意义,这叫“法布施”。“持戒”也不只是通常以为的“宗教的清规戒律”,而是指为人处世的基本原则。佛教倡导“戒杀生”“戒偷盗”等等,从根本而言就是在引导众生遵循自然规律、遵守伦理道德、坚持做人准则、保持社会公德,争作一名遵纪守法的好公民。释迦牟尼涅槃前,有弟子问以后佛法该如何住世,释迦牟尼说:“以戒为师”,由此可见“持戒”是非常重要的。“忍辱”则是指要甘于忍受痛苦和屈辱,所谓“忍一时风平浪静,退一步海阔天空”能忍之人,必定是坚韧之士。在“五智门”的另一面居中的是“精进”,在六度里,“精进度懈怠”,是要修行人努力不懈、持之以恒、勇往直前。由此可见通常认为佛教是“消极”、“悲观”、“逃避”、“厌世”的说法是完全错误的。佛教同样是非常积极、“与时俱进”、努力奋发的。 “禅定”就是让我们学会静下心来思考问题,学会以平常心对待每一件事情。也只有真正把前五个“度”融会贯通,才有可能达到“般若”的境界,也就是获得了佛教的大智慧。也就真正懂得了人生的价值和生命的意义。
  菩提大道
  穿过智慧之门,我们便踏上了“菩提大道”。大道两边种植有百余棵银杏树,在我国历来是把银杏树视为佛门圣树来代替菩提树的。因银杏树的树龄很长,可以称为植物中的活化石,也象征着佛教文化的源远流长。又因佛祖释迦牟尼当年于菩提树下悟道成佛,所以菩提在佛教中即是觉悟之意,“菩提大道”又被称为“觉悟之道”。
  我们可以看到菩提大道中央饰有七朵莲花,这取自佛祖出生时“步步生莲”的典故,过会儿我会向大家仔细介绍。走在莲花上就如同与佛祖在同行,我们还可以看到道边上的不断云纹,谐音就是“不断运”,走一走寓意好运不断,福气连连。
  菩提大道两侧是投资三千多万建设的绿化带,引进了许多珍贵树种如榉树、檫树、罗汉松、白皮松等,这草坪也是引自美国矮生百慕达与雁麦草混播的终年常绿草坪。灵山公司之所以要花那么多资金投入绿化,就是希望要为我们营造一个优美清净的环境,从中去感受“一花一世界,一叶一如来”的禅境,也希望能够提醒各位游客爱护绿化,珍爱生命。
  九龙灌浴 
  走过菩提大道,文化园区主体景观——“九龙灌浴·花开吉祥”,气势磅礴、蔚为奇观,重现佛经中佛祖诞生之时祥瑞异相。开启时,当《佛之诞》音乐奏响,顶端六瓣莲花会缓缓绽开,金身太子佛像从中冉冉升起,顺时针环绕一周,隐喻“花开见佛”、“佛光普照”。莲花每天定时开启五次(10:00 11:30 14:00 15:15 16:30),开启时,周围蹲踞的九条巨龙将一齐喷出高达三十多米的弧形水柱,当这九股水柱直冲天际轰然交汇沐浴佛身时,广场四方鼓乐齐鸣,喷泉水体百媚千姿……这一神奇的动态景观正是依据佛经中所记载佛祖出生时的故事建造而成:据说佛祖释迦牟尼一生下来就不同于常人,他能走路会说话,不用旁人扶持便向东南西北各走七步,每走一步脚下就涌现出一朵朵莲花来,最后他站在一朵莲花上,一手指天,一手指地,做狮子吼“天上天下,为我唯尊”顿时天空出现了九条龙喷出净水为他沐浴,仙女们也纷纷散下花瓣,奏起仙乐,供养我们的佛祖。
  小太子全身镏金,共使用黄金18公斤,重12吨,高7.2米。莲花座下为狮子鼓,在佛教象征佛法的弘扬,狮子鼓下是四大天王,他们是佛祖出生时的守护神。周围几个漂亮的仙女称为“八供养”是佛祖出生时的供养人。
  在“九龙灌浴”喷水即将结束时,四周八组凤凰口中将会喷出72道涓涓细流,在佛教称之为“八功德水”,据说只有在西方极乐世界才有。这水是经过引自德国200多万的净化器完全净化,大家可以放心饮用,饮用此水将保佑你身心安乐,福慧双收,平安吉祥。大家千万不要错过啊!
  转经廊
  广场四周是安放有108只转经筒的转经廊,供我们一路“转经”。转经筒是藏传佛教祈福专用的法器,转经一周等于读诵“三藏”一遍,功德无量。“转经”的本义是读诵佛经,然而考虑到有些朋友们工作繁忙没有时间或没有机会在平时诵读经文,于是设置了这样的转经廊。大家可以趁此机会来转一转经筒,就如同把转经筒内的经文诵读一遍,如果您有时间也可以把我们108个转经筒全部转过来,这就如同诵读了百遍经文,功德百倍,会保佑你福寿延年。
  降魔浮雕
  在看完佛祖四相成道之一的“出生”以后,我们来看一下佛祖四相成道中的“降魔”。眼前所看到的长26米,高将近8米的大型铜雕,展现的就是佛祖“降魔成道” 的过程。我们可能会发现佛祖显得有些憔悴,这是因为佛祖刚刚经历了六年的苦行,但仍没有悟出解脱之道,于是他放弃苦行,到河中洗去了六年的污垢,接受了牧羊女供养的羊奶之后,稍微恢复了一些原气,便坐在一个菩提树下,发了一个大愿:“如果今生不能求得正果,便再也不起来了”。佛祖在树下静思七天七夜,在他将要成佛的刹那间心魔来袭,有关享乐的诱惑、财势的诱惑,美女的诱惑以及恶势力的威胁一齐袭来。佛祖不为所动,最终把它们一一降服,终于得道成佛。
  看完这个铜雕后,我认为对于每个人而言,最大的敌人就是自己,只有坚定信念,战胜自己,才能有所成就。相信大家一定有不同的感受、不同的见解,正所谓“仁者见仁,智者见智”吧!
  阿育王柱
  现在我们来到开阔宏伟的阿育王柱广场。四根经幢中间高耸的石柱就是“阿育王柱”。为什么叫“阿育王柱”呢,这就要从印度孔雀王朝的第三代君王阿育王说起。他比我国的秦始皇还要早一百多年,如果说秦始皇统一了中国的话,那么阿育王就统一了整个印度。我们知道,统一一个国家难免要经历很多的战争。在阿育王年老时他觉得自己罪孽深重,殃及无数生命,于是便在一位比丘的点化下皈依了佛教,并把佛教定为国教。在全国各地竖立这么一根石柱,石柱上都刻经文以此来弘扬佛法。所以如果说我们释迦牟尼佛祖创建了佛教,那么佛教的弘扬与阿育王是分不开。
  这根整料雕刻的阿育王柱,通高16..9米,直径1.8米,重达200吨,用于手工雕凿的小榔头就可以用5吨的卡车装一卡车。因此,无论从高度、重量、价值,还是坚固方面,都远胜印度现存的“阿育王柱”,是目前大陆上罕见的手工雕刻石柱,堪称“中国第一柱”。最顶端的四只狮子面向东,南、西、北,四个方向,象征着要把佛教弘扬到四面八方。狮子下面刻有法轮和四种动物,分别为狮子、牛、马及大象。法轮喻意法轮常转的意思,狮子代表释迦王族,牛代表忍辱负重,马代表王子逃离皇宫,大象代表大行大力。
  阿育王柱是古印度佛法所行之处的标志,它体现和见证着佛教文明承前启后的发展历程,也是国泰民安、佛教兴盛的标志。在灵山景区瞻礼九龙灌浴的盛大场景,仰观巍然耸立的阿育王柱,远眺矗立于群山之间庄严雄伟的灵山大佛,这三大神奇的雕塑,三项艰巨的工程,也正体现着灵山弘扬传统优秀文化、增进人类文明乃至促进世界和平的任重道远。
  天下第一掌
  广场左侧矗立有“天下第一掌”。它高达11.7米,相当于三层楼房的高度,宽5.5米,仅手指直径就达1米,掌心千辐轮直径2米,总重量达13吨。这是按灵山大佛右手以1:1的比例复制而成,也就是说形状大小完全一样。佛掌的印相为“施无畏印”,寓意驱除众生痛苦,抚慰众生心灵,令众生无畏无惧。对比如此庞大的手掌,可见大佛的雄伟高大了。
  因“佛手”与“福寿”谐音,所以我们常说“摸摸佛手,增福添寿;抱抱佛脚,平安如意。”既然有幸来到灵山胜境,我们不妨带着美好的心愿去摸摸佛手,让大佛为您驱除烦恼,保佑您一生平安。
  百子戏弥勒
  右侧的大型青铜艺术珍品名为“百子戏弥勒”,它高3米,宽7.8米,重9吨。斜倚而卧的弥勒神情和蔼,笑容可掬。在弥勒硕大的身体上,塑有整整一百个正在嬉戏耍闹的小顽童,各个形神各异,栩栩如生。您看:他们有的在叠罗汉,有的在拔河,有的在拿小树枝桶弥勒的肚脐,更有调皮的竟然在弥勒身上撒尿。但弥勒一点也不为所动,依旧乐呵呵。
  这些小顽童为何如此捉弄弥勒呢?据说他们是在考验弥勒的肚量,是否真如世人称道的“大肚能容,容天下难容之事;慈颜常笑,笑天下可笑之人。”事实证明,只有心胸开阔之人才是真正拥有快乐的人。
  祥符禅寺
  通常我们会把灵山大佛景区简单概括为一山、一寺、一佛。一山,即小灵山。一寺,就是始建于唐代、且几度兴废的千年古刹祥符禅寺。一佛,就是高达88米、被称为神州第一佛的“东方大佛”——灵山大佛。
  走过分别代表自觉修行的普渡桥、大彻大悟的大觉桥和懂得报答恩情的慈恩桥即可进入千年古刹“祥符禅寺”。正对的天王殿,便是祥符寺山门。殿内供奉四大天王,分别代表着风调雨顺,寓意国泰民安。为什么正面供奉的又是笑呵呵的弥勒佛呢?因为佛分过去、现在、未来三世,过去佛是燃灯古佛,释迦牟尼是现在佛,弥勒佛便是释迦牟尼佛的接班人,但要过五十六亿七千万年以后才能继承佛位,所以称之为未来佛。其实现在我们所见的弥勒形象,并非弥勒本身,而是依据五代时期的契此和尚,也就是常说“布袋和尚”的原型塑造而成。因其形象和蔼可亲,所以千百年来深得老百姓认可。
  弥勒背面的是寺庙护法神韦驮菩萨,他手拿降魔杵,能除一切妖魔鬼怪。韦驮与伽蓝殿的关公是同一职位,相当于我们现在的国防部长。手中的降魔杵位置不同含义就不同:杵地代表不挂单,合掌捧在肘中,代表挂单,还有一种向上,说明寺院只留吃,不留住。
  走出天王殿,可以看到钟楼、鼓楼。钟楼里设置有 “江南第一钟”。重12.8吨,高3.5米,下口直径2.5米,由安徽芜湖造船厂铸造。每年的元旦和除夕都会举行隆重的撞钟仪式,因佛经中记载人生有108个烦恼,每撞一下便能去除一个烦恼,撞完108下,你就去除人生的108个烦恼,所谓“闻钟声,烦恼轻,智慧长,菩提增”听到钟声能解除烦恼,增长智慧。
  站在这里我们可以看到一尊佛,这尊佛高8米,是江苏著名的雕塑家吴显林设计的,他一共设计三尊小佛,一尊是1米,一尊是2.5米,还有一尊是8米高的小佛,88米高的大佛就是根据这尊8米高小佛通过计算机放大11倍建造的。
  接下来气势雄伟的建筑,则是寺庙正殿大雄宝殿。“大雄宝殿”一匾为朴老题写。它是专门供奉佛教缔造者和最高层领导者——“佛”的大殿,大雄是对佛祖释迦牟尼的尊称,意思是说佛有大智力,一切无畏。
  走进来看到中间坐着的是佛祖释迦牟尼的说法相。佛祖的两边,一老一少立着两为弟子,少者阿难,老者伽叶,后面的火焰板是光明和温暖的象征,两旁边的抱联,是由中国佛教协会副会长、江苏省佛教协会会长、原方丈茗山所题写的。“山灵地灵人灵,灵心能成大佛;水净空净陆净,净土即在此方”。两侧是十六罗汉。后面则是由整块汉白玉雕成的净瓶观音像。
  杏坛广场
  杏坛广场有一棵古银杏,那是我们祥符寺悠久历史的见证,植于唐贞观年间,已有近1400年的历史,此树姿态各异,树乳累结。每年秋天枝头都挂满白果,人们都说这棵树是镇寺神树。
  据说,这棵千年银杏曾数次遭到雷击,主干中间空心,其间藏有一条青色巨蟒。巨蟒平时不出来,每年八月中秋夜,都要从树上游下来,悄悄地绕寺一周,然后返回树洞。中秋夜看蟒巡寺成为祥符禅寺的一大盛事,而善男信女们认为青蟒是神虫,到寺内进香后,一定要到古银杏树前烧香磕头。寺里的和尚说每到白果丰收之时,巨蟒便在树内摇动树身,白果纷纷自动落下,从而免去僧人采摘之苦。后来有游方僧人说青蟒是青龙山山神。
  登云道
  要参与“平安抱佛脚”,需要我们登上这道长长的阶梯,称之为“登云道”。细心的游客会发现,灵山大佛脚下的登云道与中山陵有着异曲同工之妙。因为他们的建造理念是一致的,在视差作用下,登云大道的特点是:从下往上看,只见台阶不见平台,从上往下看,只见平台不见台阶,登云大道一共218级,共分七个平台,正好符合俗语“救一生灵,胜造七级浮屠”,因此登上登云大道也是一种修行。
  登云道中间设有七幅巨型石刻,组成了一副灵山史卷,让游客能够了解灵山的历史。登云道上的一口古井,称为“六角井”,据说茶圣陆羽曾品过井中的泉水,认为甘洌清甜,非常推崇被誉为江南十大名泉之一。
  灵山大佛
  灵山大佛高88米,连同三层石头基座在内通高101.5米。比“佛是一座山,山是一尊佛”的四川乐山大佛还高出17米,是目前世界上最高的青铜佛像。这一神州大佛坐落于太湖之滨,左挽青龙(山),右牵白虎(山),背靠小灵山,北踏青峰,南面太湖,地理环境十分优越。
  灵山大佛佛体由1560块铸造铜壁板拼装焊接而成的。如果加上莲花座的440块,就刚好2000块。其中最大的有20多平方米,其他每块铜壁板的展开面积平均4——6平方米,全部铜板展开面积可达到9000多平方米,约有一个半足球场大小。总共耗用铜725吨,焊接它们的焊缝总长度达35公里。并且还要将它们都打磨光,让大家看不出焊接的痕迹来。壁厚为6-8毫米。再来看一下大佛的莲花座,共有四层莲花瓣组成,每层22瓣,共88瓣。凡捐资满人民币100万元的,可在一片莲花瓣上刻上自己的名字,千古流芳。
  有一点是值得介绍的:那就是大佛的“眼睛”。
  请你们不妨注意一下,不论你走近走远,或左或右,大佛的“眼神”似乎始终在跟随着你,关注着你。当你愈靠近大佛时,大佛的“眼睛”似乎也是逐渐睁开、睁大……这是为什么呢?难道“眼睛”真的会“动”的不成?其实并不奇怪,这里绝没有任何“神奇”的色彩,是利用视觉差产生的效果。靠的就是艺术魅力,或者说是雕塑家的艺术功力。
  我们整个大佛建造运用高科技拼装焊接而成,并且采用了完整的抗风、防震、耐腐蚀、避雷等措施。灵山大佛是分块铸造,然后再在现场将它们一块块地拼装,焊接在一起,使它达到“天衣无缝”的程度。
  大家想一想,这里面包含着多少技术内容和多大的工作量呀?!尽管如此,但比起古代造铜佛的方法来说,那又不知道要省多少事了!
  日本奈良有一尊古代的铜佛,叫做“奈良大佛”,已有1200多年的历史,日本人称之为“国宝”,其实只有十几米(14.8)高,当时铸造它的时候,竟动用了260万人,为当时日本全国人口的一半。我们建造灵山大佛,最多亦不过涉及到几百人,而且只用了三年的时间就造成了。这靠的是现代科技手段,甚至还动用了航天技术。在这里还可以找到许许多多个“为什么?”。因此,参观灵山大佛,不仅可以获得视觉上的震撼,更能增长可不少科学知识。
  由于时间限制,我在这里只能谈两个“为什么?”
  第一个“为什么”是:安装好的大佛,为什么是“两脚离地”的?
  这是因为灵山大佛的总体设计方案采用的就是“整体悬挂”方案。佛体铜壁板经过拼装焊接成整体以后,是通过副支架、主钢架直接悬挂在像楼房一样的钢筋混凝土主骨架上的。副支架总共有四、五千根,平均每块铜壁板有2——3根。整个佛像相当于有四、五千只手从里面加以托着和拉着。这样,铜壁板可以铸得尽可能的薄,节省铜料,经济合理。因此,做到最下面一层铜壁板是离地的。
  第二个“为什么”是:大佛头上没有看到避雷针,它能防雷吗?为什么?
  大佛头顶上如果装上一根避雷针,像一根小辫子那样翘在那里,当然不好看!其实,大佛头上不是没有避雷针,而且有很多,所不同的是避雷针不是“尖”的,而是“球形”的,那就有298个发髻。人们都知道避雷针必须是尖头的,但是,在英国及其殖民地范围内的避雷针都是“钝”头的。尖头避雷针只能使自身免遭雷击,却保护不了邻近地区也免遭雷击。钝头避雷针的情况就完全不同,它自身虽然遭到雷击,但因为接地良好而不受到损害,但却能以它为顶点,有效地展开一顶锥形保护伞,使伞下的物体免遭落雷的伤害。钝头避雷针更有利于形成闪电的通道。这样,螺形发髻的顶端,岂不正好合适?!
  正由于灵山大佛的建造,包含了这许多科技内容。因此我们可以自豪地说:灵山大佛的建成,是我国国泰民安、国力昌盛的象征。如果不是国泰民安,谁还有心思集中精力造大佛呢?如果没有先进的科技和强盛的国力,怎么可能建成象灵山大佛这样的大铜佛来呢?
  有人会问,为什么要把大佛建在这里呢?
  在没有建灵山大佛之前,中国已经有四尊大佛,分别是北方的山西大同云冈大佛、中原的洛阳龙门大佛、西方的四川乐山大佛和南方的香港天坛大佛,惟独东方还没有大佛。
  1994年无锡市及马山区各界人士决定修复祥符禅寺,申请在寺后山坡新建一尊高达88米的灵山大佛。原全国政协副主席、中国佛教协会会长赵朴初对新建灵山大佛十分重视,亲自前来考察,并提出“五方五佛”的理论。他认为这里位于华东经济发达地区,加上这里地理条件优越,坐北朝南,面对三万六千倾的太湖,建灵山大佛将改变东方无大佛的历史,完善“五方五佛”格局。灵山大佛开光前后,赵朴初又多次莅临。“五方五佛”无论从宗教、文化、艺术、科技或旅游的角度看,都具有深远的意义和重要的价值。从这个意义看,灵山大佛不仅属于无锡,而应该是属于华东,属于全中国。
  佛教文化博物馆、随喜堂、万佛殿
  灵山大佛基座上下三层,集聚着佛教文化的所有精髓。走进底层基座的佛教文化博物馆,顺“清凉世界”拾级而上,便可看到佛博馆“镇馆之宝”——汉代金丝楠木雕刻的北京万寿山五百罗汉堂。另有展示佛教文化、佛教艺术的佛教三大教派、三大石窟、四大名山、五方五佛,接着可乘电梯上莲花宝座,参与“平安抱佛脚”活动,抱抱佛脚,一生平安。
  抱过佛脚,从楼梯下到中层随喜堂,堂内可博览佛教法器,欣赏佛教诗画,聆听佛教美高梅在线娱乐平台,还可参加祈愿贴金、佛光普照等特色佛教文化活动。上层万佛殿内,供奉有近万尊灵山大佛的真身小佛像,万佛朝宗,气势恢弘。

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