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英语必修一课文

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英语必修一课文篇(一):人教版高中英语必修一课文翻译


第一单元 安妮最好的朋友你是不是想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?或者你是不是担心你的朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮?弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友,于是她就把日记档成了她最好的朋友。安妮在第二次世界大战期间住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人,所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否则他们就会被德国纳粹抓去。她和她的家人躲藏了两年之后才被发现。在这段时间里,她唯一的忠实朋友就是她的日记了。她说,“我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把这本日记当作我的朋友,我要把我这个朋友称作基蒂”。安妮自从1942年7月起就躲藏在那儿了,现在,来看看她的心情吧。
1944年6月15日星期四亲爱的基蒂:我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌唱、月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。自从我来到这里,这一切都变了。……比方说,有天晚上天气很暖和,我熬到11点半故意不睡觉,为的是独自好好看看月亮。但是因为月光太亮了,我不敢打开窗户。还有一次,就在五个月以前的一个晚上,我碰巧在楼上,窗户是开着的。我一直等到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。漆黑的夜晚,风吹雨打,雷电交加,我全然被这种力量镇住了。这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚……       ……令人伤心的是……我只能透过脏兮兮的窗帘观看大自然,窗帘悬挂在沾满灰尘的窗前,但观看这些已经不再是乐趣,因为大自然是你必须亲身体验的。
你的安妮第二单元 通向现代英语之路16世纪末期大约有5百万到7百万人说英语,几乎所有这些人都生活在英国。后来,在17世纪英国人开始航海征服了世界其它地区。于是,许多别的国家开始说英语了。如今说英语的人比以往任何时候都多,他们有的是作为第一语言来说,有的是作为第二语言或外语。以英语作为母语的人,即使他们所讲的语言不尽相同,也可以互相交流。请看以下例子:英国人贝蒂:“请到我的公寓(flat)里来看看,好吗?”美国人艾米:“好的。我很乐意到你的公寓(apartment)去。”那么,英语在一段时间里为什么会起变化呢?事实上,当不同文化互相交流渗透时,所有的语言都会有所发展,有所变化。首先,在公元450年到1150年间,人们所说的英语跟今天所说的英语就很不一样。当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础的,而现代英语不是。然后,渐渐地,大约在公元800年到1150年期间,英语不那么像德语了。因为那时的英国的统治者起初讲丹麦语后来讲法语。这些新的定居者大大丰富了英语语言,特别是在词汇方面。所以到17世纪,莎士比亚所用的词汇量比以前任何时期都大。在1620年,一些英国人搬迁到美洲定居。后来,到了19世纪,有些英国人也被送往澳大利亚,两个国家的人都开始说英语了。最后,到20世纪,英语才真正定形。那时,英语在拼写上发生了两大变化:首先,塞缪尔?约翰逊编写了词典,后来,诺厄?韦伯斯特编纂了《美国英语词典》,后者体现了美国英语拼写的不同特色。现在,英语在南亚也被当作外语或第二语言来说。比如说,印度拥有众多讲英语很流利的人,这是因为英国于1765年到1947年统治过印度。在那期间,英语成了官方语言和教育用语。在新加坡、马来西亚和非洲其它国家,比如南非,人们也说英语。目前在中国学习英语的人数正在迅速增长。事实上,中国可能拥有世界上最多的英语学习者。中国英语会发展出自己的特色吗?这只能由时间来回答了。
 
第三单元 沿湄公河而下的旅程第一部分梦想与计划我的名字叫王坤。从高中起,我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想作一次伟大的自行车旅行。两年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地自行车,然后还说服我买了一辆(山地车)。去年她去看望了我们的表兄弟——在昆明读大学的刀卫和宇航。他们是傣族人,在云南省西部靠近澜沧江的地方长大,湄公河在中国境内的这一段叫澜沧江,在其他国家(境内)叫湄公河。很快,王薇使表兄弟也对骑车旅游产生了兴趣。大学毕业以后,我们终于有了机会骑自行车旅行。我问我姐姐:“我们要去哪儿?”首先想到要沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的是我的姐姐。现在她正在为我们的旅行制定计划。   我很喜欢我姐姐,但是她有一个很严重的缺点。她有时确实很固执。尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。于是,我就知道这个尽善尽美的方式总是她的方式。我不停地问她,“我们什么时候出发?什么时候回来?”我还问她是否看过地图。当然她并没有看过——我的姐姐是不会考虑细节的。于是,我告诉她,湄公河的源头在青海省。她给了我一个坚定的眼神——这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。我说,我们的旅行将从5, 000多米的高地出发,这时她似乎显得很兴奋。当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸困难,而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。我非常了解我的姐姐,她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。最后,我只好让步了。在我们旅行前的几个月,王薇和我去了图书馆。我们找到一本大型地图册,里面有一些世界地理的明细图。我们从图上可以看到,湄公河发源于西藏一座山上的冰川。起初,江面很小,河水清澈而冷冽,然后它开始快速流动。它穿过深谷时就变成了急流,流经云南西部。有时,这条江形成瀑布,进入宽阔的峡谷。我们俩惊奇地发现这条河有一半是在中国境内。当流出中国,流出高地之后,湄公河就变宽了,变暖了,河水也变成了黄褐色。而当它进入东南亚以后,流速减缓,河水蜿蜒缓慢地穿过低谷,流向生长稻谷的平原。最后,湄公河三角洲的各支流流入中国南海。第四单元 地球的一个不眠之夜河北省东北部的农村不断有些怪事发生:三天来,村子里的井水升升降降,起起伏伏。农夫注意到,水井的井壁上有深深的裂缝,裂缝里冒出臭气。农家大院里的鸡,甚至猪都紧张得不想吃食。老鼠从田地里跑出来找地方藏身。鱼缸和池塘里的鱼会往外跳。在1976年7月28日凌晨3点左右,有些人看到天上一道道明亮的光。即使天空没有飞机,在唐山城外也可以听到飞机声。在市内,有些建筑物里的水管爆裂开来。但是,唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。在凌晨3点42分,一切都开始摇晃起来。世界似乎到了末日!二十世纪最大的一次地震就在唐山市正下方11公里处发生了。100公里以外的北京市都感到了地震,全国1 / 3的地方都有震感。一条8公里长30米宽的巨大裂缝横穿房舍、马路和渠道。地上一些洞穴冒出了蒸气。石头山变成了泥沙河,在可怕的15秒钟内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之中。人们遭受的灾难极为深重。2/3的人在地震中死去或受伤。成千上万个家庭遇难,许多孩子变成了孤儿。死伤的人数达到40多万。幸存的人们又怎么能相信这是自然现象呢?人们无论朝哪里看,哪里的一切都几乎被毁了。所有的市内医院、75%的工厂和建筑物、90%的家园都消失了。残砖就像秋天的红叶覆盖着大地,然而它们是不可能被风刮走的。两座大坝垮了,多数桥梁不是塌了就是无法安全通行了。铁轨如今成了一条条废钢。好几万头牛再也挤不出奶来。50万头猪和几百万只鸡全都死了。井里满是沙子,而不是水。人们惊呆了。接着,在下午晚些时候,又一次和第一次一样的强烈的地震震撼着唐山。有些医生和救援人员被困在废墟下面。更多的房屋倒塌了。水、电和食物都很难弄到。人们开始纳闷,这场灾难还会持续多久。不是所有的希望都破灭了。地震后不久,部队派了15万名战士到唐山来协助救援人员,数十万的人得到了救助。部队人员组成小分队,将受困的人们挖出来,将死者掩埋。在唐山市的北边,有一个万名矿工的煤矿,其中多数人得救了。援救人员为那些家园被毁的幸存者盖起了避难所,用火车、卡车和飞机向市内运来了水。慢慢地、慢慢地,这座城市又开始出现了生机。第五单元 伊莱亚斯的故事我的名字叫伊莱亚斯。我是南非的一个穷苦的黑人工人。第一次见到纳尔逊?曼德拉的时候,是我一生中非常艰难的时期。(当时)我才12岁,那是在1952年,曼德拉是我寻求帮助的一位黑人律师。他为那些穷苦黑人提供法律指导。他十分慷慨地给予我时间,我为此非常感激。由于我所受的教育很少,所以我需要他的帮助。我六岁开始上学,我仅仅在那里读了两年的学校有三公里远。我不得不辍学,因为我的家庭无法继续支付学费和交通费。我既不太会读,也不怎么会写。几经周折,我才在一家金矿找到一份工作。然而在那个时候,你要想住在约翰内斯堡就非得要有身份证不可。糟糕的是我没有这个证件,因为我不是在那里出生的,我很担心我是不是会失业。纳尔逊?曼德拉给予我帮助的那一天是我一生中最高兴的日子。他告诉我要想在约翰内斯堡立住脚,应当如何获取所需证件。我对自己的未来又充满了希望。我永远也忘记不了他对我的恩情,当他组织了非国大青年时,我马上就参加了这个组织。他说:“过去30年来所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天,我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。”他说的是真话。当时黑人没有选举权,他们无权选择他们的领导人。他们不能做自己想要做的工作。他们所能住的城区都是由白人决定的。他们被打发去住的城外地区是南非最贫穷的地区。在那儿,没有人能够种庄稼。事实上,就像拉尔逊?曼德拉所说的:“……我们被置于这样一个境地:要么我们被迫接受低人一等的现实,要么跟政府作斗争。我们选择向法律进攻。首先我们用和平的方式来破坏法律,而当这种方式也得不到允许时,……只有到这个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。”事实上,我并不喜欢暴力,……但是在1963年的时候,我帮助他炸毁了一些政府大楼。那是很危险的事情,因为如果我被抓住了,可能就会被关进监狱。但是,我乐于帮忙,因为我知道,这是为了实现我们的黑人和白人平等的梦想。
 

英语必修一课文篇(二):高一英语必修一课文原文


Unit1 Anne’s Best Friend
Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would laugh at you, or would not understand what you are going through? Anne Frank wanted the first kind, so she made her diary her best friend. Anne lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War ?. Her family was Jewish so
nearly twenty-five months before they were discovered. During that time the only true friend was her diary. She said, ”I don’t want to set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.” Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942.


Thursday 15th June, 1944
Dear Kitty,
I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. That’s changed since I was here.
…For example, one evening when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past
eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by my self. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn’t dare open a window. Another time five months ago, I happened to be upstairs at dusk when the window was open. I didn’t go downstairs until the window bad to be shut. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face…
…Sadly …I am only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.
Yours,
Anne
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Unit2 the Road to Modern English
At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived in England. Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world, and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other countries. Today, more people speak English as their first, second or a foreign language than ever before.
Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English. Look at this example:
British Betty: Would you like to see my flat?
American Amy: Yes. I’d like to come up to you apartment.
So why has English changed over time? Actually all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. At fist the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today. It was base more on German than the English we speak at present. Then gradually between about AD 500 and 1150, English became less like German because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. These new settlers enriched the English language and especially its vocabulary. So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before. In 1620 some British settlers moved to America. Later in the 18th century some British people were taken to Australia to. English began to be spoken in both countries.
Finally by the 19th century the language was settled. At that time two big changes in English spelling happened: first Samuel Johnson wrote his dictionary and later Noah Webster wrote The American Dictionary of the English language. The latter gave a separate identity to American English spelling.
English now is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. For example, India has a very large number of fluent English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in Singapore and Malaysia and countries in Africa such as South Africa. Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. In fact, China may have the largest number of English learners. Will Chinese English develop its own identity? Only time will tell.

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Unit3 Journey Down the Mekong
My name is Wang Kun. Ever since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one. Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college if Kunming. They are Dai and grew up in western Yunnan Province near the Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries. Wang Wei soon got time interested in cycling too. After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. I asked my sister, “Where are we going?” It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends. Now she is planning our schedule for the trip.
I am fond of my sister but she has one serious shortcoming. She can be really stubborn. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she organize the trip properly. Now I know that the proper way is always her way. I kept asking her, “When are we
leaving and when are we coming back?” I asked her whether she had looked at a map yet. Of course she hadn’t; my sister doesn’t care about details. So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai Province. She gave me a determined look -- the kind that said she would not change her mind. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience. I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give in.
Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library. We found a large atlas with good maps that showed details of world geography. From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins in a glacier to move quickly. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, traveling across western Yunnan Province. Sometimes the river becomes a water fall and enters wide valleys. We were both surprised to learn that half of the river is in China. After it leaves China and high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown and warm. As it enters Southeast Asia, its pace slows. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows. At last, the river delta enters the South China Sea.

3/5页 Unit4 A Night the Earth didn’t Sleep
Strange things were happening in the countryside of northeast Hebei. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell, rose and fell. Farmers noticed that the well walls had deep cracks in them. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. Fish jumped out of their bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am on July 28, 1976, some people saw bright lights in the sky. The sound of planes could be heard outside the city of Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky. In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual the night.
At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed as if the world was at an end! Eleven kilometers directly below the city the greatest earthquake of the 20th century had begun. It was felt in Beijing, which is more than two hundred kilometers away. One-third of the nation felt it. A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide cut across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from holes in the ground. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. The suffering of the people was extreme. Two-thirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake. Thousands of families were killed of injured reached more than 400,000.
But how could the survivors believe it was natural? Everywhere they looked nearly every thing was destroyed. All of the city’s hospitals, 75% of its factories and buildings and 90% of its
homes were gone. Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, however, could blow them away. Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for traveling. The railway tracks were now useless pieces of steel. Tens of thousands of cows would never give milk again. Half a million pigs and millions of chickens were dead. Sand now filled the wells instead of water. People were shocked. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. More buildings fell down. Water, food, and electricity were hard to get. People began to wonder how long the disaster would last.
All hope was not lost. Soon after the quakes, the army sent 150,000 soldiers of thousands of people were helped. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines there. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. Slowly, the city began to breathe again.
4/5页 Unit5 Elias’ Story
My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful.
I needed his help because I had very little education. I began school at six. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. I had to leave because my family could not continue to pay the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or write well. After trying hard, I got a job in a gold mine. However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. Sadly I did not have it because I was not born there, and I worried about whether I would become out of work.
The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. He told me how to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. I became more hopeful about my future. I never forgot how kind Mandela was. When he organized the ANC Youth League, I joined it as soon as I could. He said:
“The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping out rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all.”
It was the truth. Black people could not vote or choose their leaders. They could not get the jobs they wanted. The parts of town in which they had to live were decided by white people. The places outside the towns where they were sent to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. No one could grow food there. In fact as Nelson Mandela said:
“…we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important or fight the government. We chose to attack the laws. We first broke the law in a way which was peaceful; when this was not allowed…only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.”
As a matter of fact, I do not like violence… but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings. It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put in prison. But I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.
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英语必修一课文篇(三):高一英语必修一第一课课件


高一英语必修一第一课课件 
讨论下列长难句,并尝试翻译成汉语1.The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman called Ms.Shen.句式分析:本句中的called Ms. Shen是过去分词短语作定语,相当于定语从句who/that is called Ms. Shen。翻译:老师是一位(被)称为沈老师的很热情的女士。2.We’re using a new textbook and Ms.Shen’s method of teaching is nothing like that of theteachers at my Junior High school.句式分析:本句是由and连接的两个并列句。句中的that是代词,指代method of teaching,该短语的意思是“教学方法”。翻译:我们使用的是一套新课本,沈老师的方法一点也不像我在初中时的老师们的教学方法。3.I don’t think I’ll be bored in Ms.Shen’s class!句式分析:本句是否定的转移,即否定词not本来是否定宾语从句的,却否定了主句的谓语动词。否定的转移需要同时满足两个条件,即主语必须是第一人称,谓语动词必须是think, guess, suppose, imagine, believe 等。翻译这种句子是要把否定词复位。翻译:我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的!4.In other words,there are three times as many girls as boys.句式分析:句中的短语in other words的意思是“换句话说/换言之”;three times as many girls as boys是倍数的表达法,在这种表达中倍数放在as...as...的前面。一倍用once,两倍用twice,三倍及以上用...times来表达。翻译:换句话说,女生人数是男生的三倍。Ⅶ.根据课文内容,尝试填空My First Day at Senior High     Today is my first day at Senior High school and I’m 1.writing down my thoughts aboutit.My new school is very good.The teachers are very 2.enthusiastic and friendly.Every roomhas a computer with a special screen.The teachers write on it.They’re brilliant!The English class is really 3.interesting.The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman 4.called Ms.Shen.We have fun.I don’t think I will be bored in Ms.Shen’s class!We 5.introduced ourselves to each other.Ms.Shen gave us instructions and then we worked 6.by ourselves.We all like her attitude very much.The population of my class is 7.bigger than my previous class in Junior High.In this class,everyone is 8.hard-working.For our homework tonight,we have to write a description of the street 9.where we live.I’m looking forward to 10.doing it!
Language Points
1.Are Senior High teachers similar to Junior High teachers?高中老师与初中老师相似吗? similar adj.相似的,类似的常用搭配:be similar to与……相似;be similar in...在……方面相似Your views on education are similar to mine.你的教育观点与我的相似。The two teachers are similar in teaching methods.这两位老师在教法上有相似之处。 (1)similarity n.相似性,类似性similarly adv.相似地,类似地(2)familiar adj.熟悉的常用搭配:sb.be familiar with sth.某人熟悉某物;sth.be familiar to sb.某物为某人所熟悉I’m not very familiar with botanical names.我不太熟悉植物学方面的名称。These facts are familiar to them.这些事实是他们所熟悉的。 —Does Lisa have a new hairstyle?—Yes.In fact,it is quite similar         yours.A.as      B.like     C.to     D.with答案 C解析 similar常与介词to连用,表示“与……相似”。2.Describe your attitude to studying English.描述你学英语的态度。 attitude n. [C]态度,看法;姿势What is your attitude to/towards this design?你对这个设计方案有什么意见?She shows a very positive attitude to/towards her work.她工作态度非常积极。Her hands were folded in an attitude of prayer.她双手合拢成祈祷姿势。 attitude作“态度,看法”讲时,其后用介词to或toward(s)。have/show a positive/negative attitude to/towards...对……持有/表现出积极/消极的态度strike an attitude装模作样take an attitude of...采取……态度 (湖北高考)Despite such a big difference in        towards what one eats,there is no doubt that people in the west regard the Chinese food as something special.A.point     B.idea     C.attitude     D.sight答案 C解析 句意为:尽管对食物的态度(看法)存在如此大的差别,无疑,西方人认为中国食品是很特别的。破解此题的关键点是towards这个词,在这四个选项中,只有attitude与towards 或to连用,故选C。3.I live in Shijiazhuang,a city not far from Beijing.我住在石家庄,一个离北京不远的城市。 a city not far from Beijing是Shijiazhuang的同位语,其中not far from Beijing是形容词短语作定语,相当于定语从句which is not far from Beijing。The market isn’t far from here.It’s only half an hour’s bicycle ride.市场离这里不远,骑自行车半个小时就到了。 far from离……远;一点也不;远非(far不与具体的数字连用)away from在(某距离)处by far...……得多,远未as far as远至;到……程度so far到目前为止(与完成时连用)near to sth.靠近……,接近……As far as I know,he is an honest man.据我所知,他是个诚实的人。Your father is more understanding than mine by far.你父亲远比我父亲更明白事理。I haven’t finished my work so far.到目前为止,我还未干完活。I’m far from happy today.今天我一点儿也不高兴。 My village is 10 miles         the nearest town.A.far from       B.far away fromC.far away       D.away from答案 D解析 far不与具体的数字连用。4.The teachers are very enthusiastic and friendly and the classrooms are amazing.老师们都很热情友好,教室令人吃惊。 amazing adj.令人吃惊的,令人惊讶的He achieved an amazing success.他取得了令人惊异的成功。It’s amazing to meet you here.在这里见到你真令人惊讶。 amaze v.使惊讶,使吃惊amazed adj.吃惊的,惊奇的amazement n.惊奇,惊诧be amazed at sth.对某事感到惊奇be amazed to do...因做某事而感到吃惊He amazed everyone by passing the driving test.他竟然通过了驾驶测试,使每个人大为惊讶。I was amazed at his rapid progress in English.他的英语进步迅速,令我大为惊讶。She was amazed to hear that he had gone abroad.听到他已出国,她感到很是惊讶。 amazing作形容词一般修饰物,说明主语或所修饰物的特征;amazed作形容词一般修饰人。本文中与amaze用法相同的动词有:bore vt.使厌烦bored adj.感到厌烦的boring adj.令人乏味的,无聊的embarrass vt.使窘迫,使人不好意思embarrassed adj.感到不好意思的,尴尬的embarrassing adj.令人难堪的disappoint vt.使失望disappointed adj.感到失望的disappointing adj.令人失望的 用amaze的适当形式填空(1)I was amazed to hear that Chris had won the first prize.(2)It amazes me how you can put up with living in such a dirty house.(3)Hearing the news,we were filled with amazement.(4)The new theatre is going to cost an amazing amount of money.5....and their words appear on the screen behind them.……他们写的字就出现在身后的大屏幕上。 appear vi.出现,显露;link-v.似乎,显得Gradually a smile appeared on her face.她脸上渐渐露出了笑容。He appeared to be talking to himself.(跟不定式)他似乎在自言自语。He appeared quite healthy.(跟形容词)他似乎很健康。It appeared (to me) a true story.(跟名词)这似乎是真事。It appears that she will win.(跟从句)似乎她要赢。 appear的反义词是在其前加上否定前缀dis-构成disappear。 appear,seem,look(1)appear强调外表上给人某种印象,有时含有实质上并非如此之意。He appears to be quite old.他显得很老。(是指他显得老,但实际情况未必一定如此)(2)seem暗示判断有一定的根据,这种判断往往接近事实。He seems to be quite old.他看上去似乎很老。(可能他的确很老)(3)look着重指由视觉得出的某种印象,强调直观上“看起来”He looked very tired but he was still cheerful.他看上去很累,但仍然很高兴。                                                      thousands of people outside;it was too noisy.A.There seemed to beB.There seemed to haveC.It seemed to beD.It seemed to have答案 A解析 There seemed to be...好像有……。句意为:外面好像有几千人,太吵闹了。6. We’re using a new textbook and Ms.Shen’s method of teaching is nothing like that of the teachers at my Junior High school.我们使用的是一套新课本,沈老师的(教学)方法一点也不像我在初中时的老师们的教学方法。 method [C]方法;方式;[U]条理;规律;秩序Many new methods of building have been applied to make the houses more modern.许多新的建筑方法被应用使得房子更加现代化。A new method for the early detection of cancer is being tried out.一种及早诊断癌症的新方法正在实验中。 with this methodby this meansin this way 用这种方法这三个搭配中method和way是可数名词,复数形式是在其后加-s;而means则单复数同形。 method,manner,way(1)method“方法”,指合乎逻辑或系统的方法。the method of teaching教学方法(2)manner“方法;样式”,意义极广泛,但往往特指某人具有的东西。one’s manner of walking某人的走路姿态a bad manner of holding a pen拙劣的握笔方法(3)way“方法”,最普通的用语。an easy way一种简便的方法the best way最佳方法 用method,way或means的适当形式填空(1)We can only do the job effectively with this method.(2)They are trying to find ways to prevent the disease.(3)He climbed the tree by means of a ladder.(4)The new teaching methods encourage children to think for themselves. 本句中的that代替上文中的method,以避免重复。The weather in Beijing is much cooler than that in Nanjing.北京的天气比南京的天气凉爽的多。 it,one,ones,the one,the ones,that(1)it用来指代上文提到的具体的人或物,可以作主语或宾语。I bought a pen and it cost me 10 dollars.我买了一支钢笔,花了我10美元。(2)one用来代替前面出现的单数名词,是泛指概念,相当于“a/an+单数名词”。I’ve lost my pen.I’m going to buy a new one tomorrow.我把钢笔丢了。我打算明天买一支新的。(3)ones用来代替前面出现的复数名词,也是泛指概念。He likes American novels,especially twenty century ones.他喜欢美国小说,尤其是20世纪的小说。(4)the one用来代替前面特指的单数名词,有时可用that代替(尤其在有后置定语的情况下)。I like the book,the one which lies on the left.我喜欢那本书,左边的那本。(5)the ones用来代替前面特指的复数名词,有时可用those代替(尤其在有后置定语的情况下)。I want to buy some apples,the ones that look fresh.我想买些苹果,看起来很新鲜的那些。(6)that用来代替前面出现的特指的单数可数名词或不可数名词,相当于“the+单数可数名词/不可数名词”。但是that一般不指代人,不可作形式主语或形式宾语。The weather here is different from that in Beijing.这里的天气和北京的不一样。                                             (全国Ⅰ高考)The English spoken in the United States is only slightly different from        spoken in England.A.which        B.whatC.that         D.the one答案 C解析 that用来代替前面出现的the English。7. I don’t think I will be bored in Ms.Shen’s class!我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的! 该句式属于否定转移。在英语中,如果把“I think(believe...)+宾语从句”结构改成否定句,习惯上把否定结构从宾语从句移至主句,我们把这种现象称为“否定转移”。I don’t think he will come tomorrow.我想他明天不会来。I didn’t think he was happy.我认为他并不幸福。 用在这种句型中的动词主要有:think,believe,calculate,expect,suppose,imagine等且主语往往是I。(hope除外)。但应注意:(1)不能把所有可否定转移动词的否定句都理解为否定宾语从句。有时候,否定词not就是否定主句(即否定主句的谓语动词)的,这要根据句意或语境而定。We didn’t think we’d been there so late.(McArthur)我们没有料到我们会来得这么晚。(2)当主句中含有状语或含有情态动词时,可否定转移的动词就不再发生转移了。I didn’t ever suppose they were happy.我从来也没有认为他们是幸福的。I can’t believe that they are married.我不能相信他们已经结婚了。(3)在构成反意疑问句时,当句子的主语为第一人称,后面的反意疑问句根据从句而定;若为第一人称以外的人称,则随主句而定。I don’t think he cares,does he?我想他不会在意的,是吧?He doesn’t think it will rain,does he?他没有想到天会下雨,是吧? I don’t think she can win the first prize,        ?A.do I        B.don’t IC.can she       D.can’t she答案 C解析 因为句子的主语为第一人称,所以根据从句进行反问,C项正确。8.Ms.Shen gave us instructions and then we worked by ourselves.沈老师给我们做了指导,然后我们自己活动。 by oneself独自,独立He lives by himself in that big house.他独自一人住在那个大房子里。You should finish your homework by yourself.你应该独立完成作业。 for oneself独立;为了自己;亲自in oneself本身of oneself自发地,自动地be oneself身体或精神正常come to oneself苏醒,恢复意识 (1)门自动开了。The door opened of itself.(2)你应该亲自去看看。You should go to see it for yourself.(3)我今天感觉很不舒服。I am not quite myself today.9. In other words,there are three times as many girls as boys.换句话说,女生人数是男生的三倍。 in other words换句话说,换言之You’d better not be late again for the class.In other words,you are expected to be on time nexttime.你最好不要再次迟到,也就是说,你下一次要准时。You have finished your work today;in other words,you can leave now.你已经做完今天的工作了,也就是说,你现在可以走了。 in a/one word总而言之in words用语言;在口头上have a word with sb.和某人谈话have words with sb.=quarrel with sb.和某人吵架keep/break one’s word守信/不守信leave word=leave a message 留话,留言get in a word=get a word in 插话 Like some of my classmates,I didn’t live up to my teachers’ expectations;        ,I let them down.A.in other words       B.after allC.what’s more       D.more or less答案 A解析 句意为:像我的一些同美高梅娱乐官网样,我没有实现老师们的期望。换句话说,我让他们失望了。此题要用in other words表示“换言之”。after all毕竟;what’s more更为重要的是;more or less或多或少。 本句中的three times as many girls as boys是倍数的表达法之一。倍数的表达法通常有:A+be+倍数+as+形容词原级+as+BA+be+倍数+the+性质名词+of+BA+be+倍数+形容词比较级+than+BThe+性质名词+of+A+be+倍数+that+of+B[译]这张桌子是那张桌子的三倍大。This table is 3 times as big as that one.This table is 3 times the size of that one.This table is twice bigger than that one.The size of this table is 3 times that of that one. Americans eat         vegetables today as they did in 1910.A.more than twice       B.as twice as manyC.twice as many as       D.more than twice as many答案 D解析 题干中有as可知为as...as结构,又根据倍数总是在最前面知,只有D项正确。10. I’m looking forward to doing it!我盼望着做这个作业! look forward to期待,期望,盼望。注意to是介词,后接名词或动名词。I’m looking forward to meeting you next time.我期待着下次和你见面。I look forward to the return of spring.我盼望着春天的到来。 以下短语中的to都是介词:be/get used to习惯于stick to坚持object to反对lead to导致devote to献身于get to开始prefer to喜欢come to谈到add to加上be sentenced to被宣判为我们可以用下面这两句话帮助记忆这些短语:习惯于旧方式的人坚持反对新事物,这样导致许多献身于科学的人被宣判为大逆不道。不喜欢这种事实的人谈到此事时,总期待着加上自己的努力使它开始改变。 (1)She looks forward every spring to         the flowerlined garden.A.walking in      B.walk inC.visit       D.paying a visit答案 A解析 分析句子知句中的every spring是时间状语;而look forward to中的to是介词,故排除B、C项;又因D项是不及物动词不能接宾语,所以A项正确。(2)We firmly believe that war never settles anything.It only        violence.A.runs into      B.comes fromC.leads to       D.begins with答案 C解析 本题考查动词短语的辨析。句意为:我们坚决认为战争不会解决任何事情,只会导致暴力。run into撞上;come from来自;lead to导致;begin with以……开始。11. Li Kang is very impressed with the teachers and the technology in his new school.李康对他的新学校的老师和技术设备印象非常深刻。 impress vt.使印象深刻The book impressed a lot of people.那本书给很多人留下了深刻的印象。We were deepenly impressed with the hero’s courage.=The hero impressed us deepenly with his courage.英雄以其勇气给我们留下深刻印象。The audience were most impressed by her performance.她的演出给观众留下了深刻印象。 impress sth. on sb./impress sb.with sth.使某人牢记某事be impressed by/at/with被……所感动be impressed on one’s mind对……留下深刻印象impression n.印象,感觉make an impression on sb.给某人留下印象;给人以……影响make no impression on对……无影响(效果)give sb.the impression of...给某人留下……的印象 Teachers should         the value of hard work on their students.A.remind   B.inspire     C.encourage     D.impress

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